By Joshua M. Epstein
During this pioneering synthesis, Joshua Epstein introduces a brand new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software program person, or "agent," is endowed with exact emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in modern neuroscience, those inner elements engage to generate saw, usually far-from-rational, person habit. while a number of brokers of this new sort circulate and have interaction spatially, they jointly generate an dazzling variety of dynamics spanning the fields of social clash, psychology, public healthiness, legislation, community technological know-how, and economics.
Epstein weaves a computational tapestry with threads from Plato, Hume, Darwin, Pavlov, Smith, Tolstoy, Marx, James, and Dostoevsky, between others. This transformative synthesis of social philosophy, cognitive neuroscience, and agent-based modeling will fascinate students and scholars of each stripe. Epstein’s computing device courses are supplied within the booklet or on its Princeton collage Press site, in addition to video clips of his "computational parables."
Agent_Zero is a sign departure in what it comprises (e.g., a brand new synthesis of neurally grounded inner modules), what it eschews (e.g., typical behavioral imitation), the phenomena it generates (from genocide to monetary panic), and the modeling arsenal it deals the medical community.
For generative social technology, Agent_Zero provides a groundbreaking imaginative and prescient and the instruments to gain it.
Read or Download Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science (Princeton Studies in Complexity) PDF
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Extra info for Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science (Princeton Studies in Complexity)
29 This denotes a landscape sample radius purely, and enters into the P calculation only. By contrast, agents can influence each other—have dispositional weight—at any range, by a large variety of avenues, including auditory, visual, and social media. 30 I understand an “order” to be an explicit directive from an organizational superior carrying a penalty for disobedience. There is no mechanism for orders in this model. No Eichmann “defense” is available to Agent_Zero. 28 There are, in fact, two different mathematical formulations: the skeletal equations, where V and P functions are not explicitly specified, and the fully fleshed-out model, where they are.
In general, these coupling strengths can vary with similarities in status, expertise, reputation, religion, musical taste, and other attributes. The Agent_Zero framework can accommodate any such coupling scheme. In Part III, we extend the network model in various ways. In extension (7), a dynamic affect-dependent weighting is introduced. We model the weight between two agents as a product of affective strength (the sum of their affects) and homophily (one minus the absolute value of their affective difference).
For some jurors, the P-value itself was amplified by passion. Some employed large memory, some very little. In these affective and cognitive states, they enter the jury phase. ” Here weights are not zero and drive the intrajury social dynamic toward a verdict. The literature demonstrates that conformity and momentum effects play large roles here, of the sort the model generates. See Hastie, Penrod, and Pennington (1983). In the model, networks emerge through affective homophily during the deliberation phase.
Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science (Princeton Studies in Complexity) by Joshua M. Epstein