By Dennis J. Stanford, Bruce A. Bradley
Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the United States? in line with the now time-honored tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. targeted stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition tested the presence of those early New international humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in starting place? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic study, and genetic reports, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the outdated narrative and, within the technique, counter traditional--and usually subjective--approaches to archaeological trying out for historic relatedness. The authors observe rigorous scholarship to a speculation that areas the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st americans crossed the Atlantic through boat and arrived ahead of formerly notion. delivering archaeological and oceanographic facts to help this statement, the publication dismantles the outdated paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis know-how with the tradition of the Solutrean those that occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years in the past.
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Extra resources for Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture
The push–pull analysis is useful in the way it highlights the potential importance of knowledge in the colonization process and the way it forces researchers to consider what is and is not known about information flows in a given colonization situation. This has particular implications for the physical form of colonization models. Patterns of colonization The case studies of colonization mentioned above suggest that, regardless of the particular case of interest, the process of colonization tends to be visualized in one of two major patterns: as points connected by lines or arrows, or as a relatively smooth advancing front or wave.
Learning is therefore conditioned solely by the practices of the colonizing group. Other scenarios include resident populations. 3b). If these are sufficiently high, some relearning may be required to function in the new area. Situations with high population or social barriers may require high levels of learning. Such colonization situations may closely resemble initial colonizations, even though the colonizers are not chronologically first (Rockman 2001). 3 Knowledge barrier scenarios: (a) initial colonization; (b) colonization into area with a resident population Ethnographic approaches Ethnographic approaches emphasize the development of social knowledge, informed by both locational and limitational knowledge.
Sluckin (1998) “Modelling Paleoindian Dispersals,” World Archaeology 30(2):286–305. Tolan-Smith, Christopher (1998) “Radiocarbon Chronology and the Lateglacial and Early Postglacial Resettlement of the British Isles,” in B. V. Eriksen and L. G. Straus (eds), Quaternary International 49/50, 21–7. ) Landscape Archaeology in Tynedale, Newcastle upon Tyne: Department of Archaeology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Trigger, Bruce G. (1989) A History of Archaeological Thought, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford, Bruce A. Bradley