By Nancy E. Dowd; (ed.)
A brand new Juvenile Justice method goals at not anything under a whole reform of the present procedure: no longer minor swap or perhaps major overhaul, however the substitute of the present method with a unique imaginative and prescient. The authors during this volume—academics, activists, researchers, and people who serve within the present system—all reply during this assortment to the query of what the approach may be. Uniformly, they agree that a great procedure may be established round the precept of kid wellbeing and fitness and the objective of aiding youngsters to accomplish efficient lives as electorate and contributors in their groups.
Rather than the prevailing process, with its punitive, damaging, undermining impact and asymmetric software by means of race and gender, those authors envision a method conscious of the wishes of teen in addition to to the community’s valid desire for public security. How, they ask, can the beliefs of equality, freedom, liberty, and self-determination rework the approach? How do we increase the percentages that youngsters who've been classified as “delinquent” could make profitable transitions to maturity? and the way do we create a procedure that is dependent upon confirmed, family-focused interventions and creates possibilities for confident formative years improvement? Drawing upon interdisciplinary paintings in addition to on-the-ground courses and event, the authors caricature out the wide parameters of the sort of procedure.
Providing the foundations, objectives, and urban capability to accomplish them, this quantity imagines utilizing our assets properly and good to speculate in all little ones and their capability to give a contribution and thrive in our society.
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Additional resources for A New Juvenile Justice System: Total Reform for a Broken System
Rates of out-of-home placement in secure facilities for youth of color adjudicated for drug offenses are a case in point. 45 In contrast, 25% of drug-offense cases involved an African American youth, but African American youth constituted 40% of adjudicated drug-offense cases resulting in out-of-home placement and 22% of drug- offense cases resulting in formal probation. 46 In all offense categories, White youth were underrepresented among those receiving out-of-home placements, and the reverse was true for Black youth.
If one were to unpack the container of ideas that drives our existing system, one would find an ideology of custody and control rather than interventions and services. Thus, the mandates and apparatus of custody, control, and deprivation form the backbone of youth justice practices. This includes the frequent use of incarceration as a primary instrument of social control. It is this default justice system reflex that reduces its ability to reduce harm. Indeed, for those of us who want positive outcomes rather than increasing harm, this is a fundamental difference in approach.
The notion that skin color, income, residence, gender, or identity can heighten or determine deprivation of liberty violates the underpinnings of our system of jurisprudence. Indeed, constitutional and federal law demands that race and ethnicity receive additional scrutiny to determine if significant differences in treatment are discriminatory. This chapter examines disparities by race and ethnicity in the juvenile justice system and deconstructs the drivers of disparities in order to craft more appropriate and just responses for children, families, and communities of color.
A New Juvenile Justice System: Total Reform for a Broken System by Nancy E. Dowd; (ed.)